The Ten Commandments
- I am the Lord, your God.
- Thou shall bring no false idols before me.
- Do not take the name of the Lord in vain.
- Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy.
- Honor thy father and thy mother.
- Thou shall not kill/murder.†
- Thou shall not commit adultery.
- Thou shall not steal.††
- Thou shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
- Thou shall not covet‡ your neighbor's wife (or anything that belongs to your neighbor).
† The Catholic Church uses the translation 'kill'. †† Some within Judaism state that this is a reference to kidnapping, whereas Leviticus 19:11 is the Biblical reference forbidding the stealing of chattel. This interpretation is based on the Talmudical hermeneutic known as davar ha-lamed me-inyano (literally 'something proved by the context'); in this context, it is argued, that this must refer to a capital offense similar to the previous two commandments. ‡ More recent translations assert that "take" may be more accurate than "covet."
Parchment from the Dead Sea Scrolls containing the oldest copy of the Ten Commandments (Courtesy of Wikipedia)